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In a letter to William Pearce who managed the plants for him Washington says, "What was done with the Indian Hemp plant from last summer? It ought, all of it, to be sown again; that not only a stock of seed sufficient for my own purposes might have been raised, but to have disseminated seed to others; as it is more valuable than common hemp.
Historically, hemp production had made up a significant portion of antebellum Kentucky's economy. Before the American Civil War , many slaves worked on plantations producing hemp. In , the Marihuana Tax Act of was passed in the United States, levying a tax on anyone who dealt commercially in cannabis, hemp, or marijuana.
One claim is that Hearst believed [ dubious — discuss ] that his extensive timber holdings were threatened by the invention of the decorticator which he feared would allow hemp to become a cheap substitute for the paper pulp used for newspaper.
Further, decorticators did not perform satisfactorily in commercial production. Another claim is that Mellon, Secretary of the Treasury and the wealthiest man in America at that time, had invested heavily in DuPont 's new synthetic fiber, nylon , and believed [ dubious — discuss ] that the replacement of the traditional resource, hemp, was integral to the new product's success.
Joe "Daddy Burt" Burton, a recognized top Kentucky hemp farmer with harvested hemp, United States "Marihuana" production permit. In the United States, hemp cultivation is legally prohibited , but during World War II farmers were encouraged to grow hemp for cordage, to replace Manila hemp previously obtained from Japanese -controlled areas.
Hemp has been grown for millennia in Asia and the Middle East for its fibre. Commercial production of hemp in the West took off in the eighteenth century, but was grown in the sixteenth century in eastern England. In the early s, world production of hemp fiber ranged from to metric tonnes, Russia was the biggest producer. In Western Europe, the cultivation of hemp was not legally banned by the s, but the commercial cultivation stopped by then, due to decreased demand compared to increasingly popular artificial fibers.
The world production of hemp fiber fell from over , metric tons to about 75, metric tons in the early s and has after that been stable at that level.
In Japan , hemp was historically used as paper and a fiber crop. Many Kimono designs portray hemp, or asa Japanese: In , marijuana was restricted as a narcotic drug.
The ban on marijuana imposed by the United States authorities was alien to Japanese culture, as the drug had never been widely used in Japan before. Though these laws against marijuana are some of the world's strictest, allowing five years imprisonment for possession of the drug, they exempt hemp growers, whose crop is used to make robes for Buddhist monks and loincloths for Sumo wrestlers.
Because marijuana use in Japan has doubled in the past decade, these exemptions have recently been called into question. The cultivation of hemp in Portuguese lands began around the fourteenth century onwards, it was raw material for the preparation of rope and plugs for the Portuguese ships. Colonies for factories for the production of flax hemp, such as the Royal Flax Hemp Factory in Brazil. After the Restoration of Independence in , in order to recover the ailing Portuguese naval fleet, were encouraged its cultivation as the Royal Decree of D.
John IV in In , the cultivation of hemp became illegal, and the production was substantially reduced. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about industrial uses of Cannabis. For recreational or medicinal marijuana, see Cannabis drug. For other uses, see Hemp disambiguation. Drug culture Illegal drug trade Psychedelia. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Industrial hempseed harvesting machine in France. List of hemp diseases.
The use of hemp in Taiwan dates back at least 10, years. Hemp portal Cannabis portal Agriculture portal. The Free Dictionary, Farlex, Inc. The Plant with a Divided History. Specialty Oils and Fats in Food and Nutrition: Properties, Processing and Applications. The archaeo-linguisitic stratigraphy of technological change in holocene Australia" , in Henning Andersen, Language Contacts in Prehistory: Studies in Stratigraphy , John Benjamins Publishing, p.
Archived from the original on 27 December Retrieved 19 June Conde Nast, Custom Analysis. Retrieved 19 February Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Retrieved 20 September Retrieved 8 July European hemp industry till Cultivation, raw materials, products and trends, " PDF.
Paper and Board grades. Papermaking Science and Technology. Journal of the International Hemp Association. Archived from the original on September 27, In the US, pet manufacturers use hemp in dog and cat bedding. Using Plants to Clean Soil". Archived from the original on The paper then discusses the potential of hemp as an alternative crop. The geography of a controversial plant". In other words, smoking hemp cannot create a 'high. The dense growth of hemp eliminates other weeds The best growing technique for hemp, planting to plants per square meter, also helps authorities easily tell the hemp from marijuana, which is a plant that is less densely cultivated.
Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved January 8, E; Myles, S Phytochemistry of Cannabis sativa L. Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products.
Indica plants are shorter but a lot more dense than sativas. According to Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms". Journal of Forensic Sciences. Industrial hemp's double dividend: Risula, and others, Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture, October ".
Cultivation, processing and applications for fibres, shivs and seeds" PDF. European Industrial Hemp Association. Archived from the original on December 20, Industrial Hemp Production in Canada, February 2, ". Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 25 June Retrieved September 28, Pharmacy Law and Practice. Agricultural Programs, Terms and Laws. Hemp activists eye legalization" , The Washington Post — via The Japan Times Online, [A] couple of factors — the high taxes the federal government imposed on growing hemp in the late s and again in the early '50s, and then the DEA's interpretation of the law — made producing hemp nearly impossible.
Since the DEA only grants permits in rare instances and demands costly, elaborate security precautions, large-scale hemp growing in the United States is not viable. Bill aims to aid farmers with new but controversial crop". Retrieved — via USA Today. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.
Explicit use of et al. Retrieved May 15, Nahas 31 December Cannabis Physiopathology Epidemiology Detection. The Works of Samuel de Champlain, vol 1. William Strachey records a native Powhatan name for hemp weihkippeis. Hening's Statutes at Large , p. Accounts, with Legal Records and Miscellany, — Princeton University Press, , 1: The Great Book of Hemp: Park Street Press, University Press of America. Fiber production in the western hemisphere.
United States Printing Office, Washington. Retrieved 25 February The borderlands of the American and Canadian Wests: University of Nebraska Press. Lies, damned lies, and drug war statistics: Federal narcotics laws and the war on drugs: Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement: A Revolution in Textiles".
Retrieved 20 March Fun Science Facts from the Library of Congress ". Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Kentucky. Recreational and medical applications rights Industrial applications. Autoflowering cannabis Cannabis indica ruderalis sativa Difference between C. Medical cannabis History Timeline Religious and spiritual use Chalice. Cannabis in pregnancy Dependence Effects of cannabis Long-term Endocannabinoid system Impaired driving. Adult lifetime use by country Annual use by country.
Return to class B Uruguay: Decriminalization of non-medical use Rescheduling per the Controlled Substances Act. Cannabis political parties List of British politicians who have acknowledged cannabis use List of American politicians who have acknowledged cannabis use. ADPF Gonzales v. United States thermal imaging Leary v. Cannabis portal Hemp portal Category.
Glass Carbon Tenax Basalt Metallic. Culinary Australian Bangladeshi Indian Pakistani. Chinese herbology Herbal tea Marination Spice rub. Herbs and spices portal. Retrieved from " https: Hemp Biofuels Fiber plants Herbs Non-food crops. Uses editors parameter All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from May CS1 maint: Archived copy as title Articles with Russian-language external links CS1 maint: Views Read Edit View history.
Consumption Edibles Smoking Tea. Related Drug culture Illegal drug trade Psychedelia. Cannabis portal Hemp portal Medicine portal Agriculture portal. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hemp. The Sengbusch Classification system defines five degrees of monoecious forms: The predominantly male 1st degree and predominantly female 4th and 5th degree types are removed before flowering.
The methods developed by R. Neuer are the foundation of the breeding technology for monoecious hemp. Industrial hemp is predominantly dioecious which means a plant will have either all male or all female flowers on it. The plants are anemophilous, meaning they rely on the wind to conduct the pollination process.
Prior to flowering the sex of the plant is indistinguishable except for some general trends in growth habit. For example in less crowded growing conditions, the female plants tend to be shorter with more branching than the male plants. This is followed by the development of dense clusters of round pointed flower buds that have five radial segments.
The female primordium is identified by the enlargement of a tapered curved tubular bract floral sheath. Male flowers hang from long, multibranched, loose clusters formed of small individual flower buds along an axis up to 30 centimeters long. Female flowers are more tightly clustered and have two long white, yellowish or pinkish stigmas protruding from each bract.
The bract is two to eight millimeters long and adheres closely to the single ovary and completely surrounds it. The male plant will die soon after the pollen is shed and the female plant continues to grow and develop seeds. The ratio of male to female plants in a population will vary. Under average conditions of 12 to 14 hour day length, the ratio of males to female will be equal. But under conditions of extreme stress, such as nutrient excess or deficiency, mutilation, extreme cold, or radically altered light cycles, populations have shown to migrate away from the traditional one-to-one ratio.
Currently in Canada, the grain industry is driving the development of the hemp crop. The most common hemp seed product is the shelled seed, sometimes referred to as the "hemp seed nut.
These basic products can be consumed alone or used in appropriate recipes with or as substitutes for other grains, seeds, nuts, and oils.
The hemp seeds also have marketable protein and fiber profiles that add to its overall profitability. Hemp seed contains an oil profile that is of interest for its nutritive properties. It has a favorable balance of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids, relatively high contents of gamma-linolenic acid GLA and antioxidants. Hempseed oil is being used in various cosmetic products and it has potential in industrial applications such as inks, paints, and fuel.
Hemp oil is gaining recognition in the health care market because of the desirable low levels of unsaturated fatty acids in the oil. Hempseed meal has recently found a use in the brewing of specialty hemp beers. Industrial hemp is a new crop to Canada that lends itself to the agriculture industry by being rural based and has the potential for total crop utilization for grain and fibre processing.
The fibre, due to its bulky nature and cost of transportation, lends itself to developing processing and value added industries. The hemp industry as a whole has the potential to enhance the development of rural infrastructure. Industrial hemp was licensed for cultivation in Canada in March of under licenses and authorizations issued by Health Canada.
The Industrial Hemp Regulations , License applications, guides and further details are available from the Office of Controlled Substances. Licensing under Health Canada guidelines tightly controls industrial hemp production. All hemp in Canada must be grown from certified seed, licensed and be low in THC delta - 9 - Tetrahydracannabinol.
All varieties are testing well below the 0. Licensing requirements prohibit replanting of bin run seed by producers. Persons carrying out any activity involving hemp must be licensed. Possession of hemp plant parts or products without the appropriate license is a criminal offence. Exceptions to this are mature stalks without leaves, branches or flowers, and non-viable seeds.
A license is issued for one calendar year for: Producers applying for an industrial hemp license to cultivate hemp will find the complete licensing application on the Health Canada Website. Consent can also be given to Health Canada to obtain this check directly as part of the annual application. Health Canada will not license cultivation of less than 10 acres, except in special circumstances.
The location must be at least 1 km from school grounds or other places frequented by persons less than 18 years of age. Growers must give the G. Global Positioning System coordinates of the location where they plan to grow hemp. This means that G. Currently the grain side of the hemp industry is the driving force for acreage. Fibre markets and processing capability is being developed with the first fibre processing plant contracting in There are numerous companies in Manitoba that contract hemp seed for production of food and body care products.
Food products include oil, dehulled hemp seeds or nut, milk, flour, toasted hemp seed, coffee, butter and protein powder.
Body care products include shampoo, conditioner, hand lotion and lip balm. In general, producers considering hemp as a cropping option should research hemp production guidelines and processor options so they fully recognize the benefit and cost to their operation.
Contracts are recommended to ensure a market and an economical return. Based on research and producer experience, hemp is well adapted to Manitoba with good yieldability, disease resistance and potential return on investment. Markets continue to develop and processors are expanding their processing capacity to accommodate the rise in demand for their products. It is important to re-iterate the need for a license from Health Canada to legally grow industrial hemp.
Industrial Hemp Production and Management
Hemp, or industrial hemp typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial. Tweedle Farms grows full spectrum, terpene rich, high CBD organic hemp flowers that contain under % Δ9-THC and are legal in all 50 states. Legalizing hemp may also be important for scientists who want to study CBD's effects.