Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a chemical compound in marijuana with a variety of CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, then. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid discovered in It is one of some identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants, accounting It may be supplied as CBD oil containing only CBD as the active ingredient (no added THC or. Hemp Oil, CBD Oil, Cannabis Oil are all common phrases used. There are some major differences to each that you need to understand before.
CBD Hemp (CANNABIDIOL) Oil? What Is
However, CBD does this and produces many other effects without directly interacting with the cannabinoid receptors. At first, scientists thought there was a third type of CB receptor just for Cannabidiol, but the answer was far more interesting and revealing. The indirect interactions of CBD with the endocannabinoid system has many effects, some of which surprised scientists and are still being researched.
However, scientists are still unclear about how some effects of Cannabidiol are actually occurring. The most possible explanation is via the hypothetical GPR55 receptor, or through more indirect and synergistic effects that still await discovery. Contrary to how most cannabinoids function, CBD interacts very mildly with the cannabinoid receptors themselves and instead either helps other cannabinoids to be better absorbed or stops the effects of whatever makes the receptors work less effectively.
The endocannabinoid system is closely interconnected with the nervous and immune system. You may have heard some people say that marijuana and hemp are exactly the same, while others swear they are different. The debate of hemp vs marijuana is fueled by the confusion and misinformation that surround the cannabis plant.
In this article, we will dispel several myths and shed light on the differences between industrial hemp and marijuana. As you may know, industrial hemp and marijuana come from the same genus of flowering plant— cannabis. This means that there may be multiple types of the cannabis plant, which are all cannabis but have remarkable differences. Cannabis sativa is the most common strain of cannabis. It has been cultivated throughout history for a number of purposes, including the production of seed oil, food, hemp fiber for clothes and rope , medicine, and even recreation.
Cannabis ruderalis is a species native to Russia that flowers earlier and is able to withstand harsher conditions than Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica.
It is the hardiest of the three, but it is relatively poor in terms of cannabinoids as ruderalis has a lower THC content than either sativa or indica. Cannabis indica was first discovered in India and is a cannabis species that is described as shorter and bushier than sativa. Problems with botanical taxonomy have led some scientists to still doubt the existence of Cannabis indica as a distinct species of cannabis. However, since man has been cultivating cannabis and especially Cannabis sativa for thousands of years, the effects of artificial selections have led to several different types of cannabis even within the same species, depending on the purpose the cannabis was cultivated for.
Cannabis has been cultivated by humans, for a variety of purposes, since antiquity. So it comes as no surprise that there are several different species and even different varieties within the species, depending on the purpose the plants were bred for.
Through artificial selection, different species of cannabis have different properties—some have been used for medicinal purposes, others as food, and others to create clothes, ropes, and other items. Industrial hemp is produced by strains of Cannabis sativa that have been cultivated to produce minimal levels of THC and are instead artificially selected and bred to grow taller and sturdier.
This is done to enable the plant to be used effectively in the production of hemp oil, wax, resin, hemp seed food, animal feed, fuel, cloth, rope, and more. Industrial hemp is exclusively made from Cannabis sativa.
Medical marijuana is produced mainly from variants of Cannabis sativa that have been selectively bred to maximize their concentration in cannabinoids. Cannabis ruderalis is almost exclusively grown due to its naturally occurring very small quantities of THC. The major and arguably the only difference between industrial hemp and medical marijuana is that industrial hemp is exclusively made from Cannabis sativa that was specifically bred to produce the lowest concentrations of THC possible.
Hemp-producing cannabis has tall, fibrous stalks that are very strong and have very few flowering buds. On the on the other hand, marijuana strains are short, bushy, and have high amounts of THC. Since industrial hemp is naturally rich in CBD and has been bred to have only trace amounts of THC, many people today are turning to industrial hemp products as an alternative to medical marijuana.
Medical marijuana is not legal in all states in the US and many countries worldwide, while products made from industrial hemp can be a safe and legal alternative. Industrial hemp products are completely safe, as they are made according to federal standards and are produced in FDA-registered facilities within the US.
Most of our readers know you can get Cannabidiol CBD products made from industrial hemp. Weight Group Recommended Dosage for Mild Effects Recommended Dosage for Moderate Effects Recommended Dosage for Strong Effects Light less than pounds 11 mg or less 12 to 14 mg 15 to 17 mg Medium to pounds 18 mg or less 15 to 23 mg 18 to 28 mg Heavy more than pounds 23 mg or less 24 to 30 mg 29 to 45 mg.
The anxiety-alleviating and sleep-prolonging qualities of CBD oil make it a good option for many people with insomnia. Those who experience insomnia due to pain or discomfort may also find that using CBD oil alleviates their physical symptoms to a noticeable extent. CBD oil may also promote daytime wakefulness when taken in small amounts; people with insomnia can use it as a pick-me-up if they feel excessively tired due to lack of restful sleep.
REM behavior disorder RBD is a parasomnia disorder characterized by shouting, becoming physically agitated, or otherwise acting out during sleep. Both depression and anxiety disorder have been linked to sleep disruption.
CBD oil can alleviate symptoms of these disorders because it activates serotonin receptors in the brain; the release of serotonin has soothing, anti-anxiety effects that can help people sleep.
CBD oil also increases levels of adenosine in the brain; adenosine is a neurotransmitter that aids cardiovascular function and eases painful inflammation. CBD oil may be prescribed for patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome, two rare forms of severe epilepsy; the medication Epidiolex, a CBD oil oral solution, is typically prescribed in these instances.
CBD oil can also ease the severity of seizures for people with other forms of epilepsy. Due to its anti-psychotic effects, non-THC CBD oil can reduce the symptoms of schizophrenia and other disorders with psychotic effects. The liver regulates the way different drugs are metabolized within the body; this process is known as hepatic drug metabolism.
Higher-than-average doses of CBD oil can slow the hepatic drug metabolism process. As a result, users may not be able to process other drugs as quickly. This is particularly concerning for CBD oil users who also take prescription medications. As is the case with many other hemp- and marijuana-based products, CBD oil often leads to a condition known as dry mouth or cottonmouth. This is likely due to cannabinoids altering receptors in the lower jaw that trigger salivation.
In most cases, mild discomfort and stronger-than-average thirst are the only issues associated with dry mouth. CBD oil may incite a small drop in blood pressure immediately after it is consumed; this may also cause the user to feel lightheaded.
Diarrhea is a common side effect for people who take relatively large doses of CBD oil, and is linked to the substance interacting with the digestive system. Lowering oil doses often minimizes this effect. CBD oil may make users feel hungrier than usual, which is a common effect of most cannabinoids. Marijuana-based CBD oils are illegal to use recreationally or for medical reasons. The state senate recently introduced legislation that would legalize CBD oil, but the governor struck down this motion.
Marijuana-based CBD oil is illegal to use recreationally, but is available to medical patients participating in a clinical trial. Hemp-based CBD is legal. Marijuana-based CBD oil is illegal to use recreationally, but is legal for research purposes when used to treat epilepsy.
Marijuana- and hemp-based CBD is exclusively available to medical patients participating in clinical trials. It is available to use recreationally and for medical purposes, provided the product meets FDA approval. If passed, the Michigan Marijuana Legislation Initiative would legalize recreational and medical marijuana use for all adults over the age of This measure was approved.
If passed, Utah Proposition 2, Medical Marijuana Initiative would legalize the use of marijuana for individuals with qualifying medical illnesses. The initiative was approved. Most brands that make CBD oil allow customers to purchase products directly from them.
Their websites have online shopping areas where products can be bought and ordered. Most CBD oils are sold through online retailers. These establishments tend to have the widest product range, and many offer free doorstep delivery. Online retailers also frequently post product reviews, allowing buyers to compare different oils based on customer experiences to determine which is best for them.
These reviews can also be used to evaluate the retailer based on customer service, delivery, and product quality. Hemp-based CBD oils are often sold over the counter at certain brick-and-mortar establishments, including health supplement stores and head shops.
Physical stores give buyers the full customer experience, and service staff can often provide helpful recommendations. In states where marijuana is legal for recreational use, dispensaries are a common sight.
They are much rarer in states with more restrictions. In states that permit the use of medical marijuana, hemp-based CBD oils do not normally require a prescription but marijuana-based oils do.
Like brick-and-mortar locations, dispensaries offer more customer service. Also, CBD oil prices tend to be significantly higher at dispensaries. The method by which CBD oil is processed from hemp plants can be very telling. Some manufacturers extract and process the oil using toxic materials like propane or butane; in most cases, these oils are cheaply priced.
Where the hemp is grown: Like other crops, hemp plants may become contaminated with metals, minerals, and other materials found in the soil where they are grown. Consumers should learn more about farms where hemp plants are grown — and ensure the soils used at these establishments are free of harmful contaminants. Once a CBD oil is manufactured, CBD oil companies will often submit their products for third-party tests, which are conducted by non-company personnel to ensure the product is safe for public consumption and meets quality standards.
CBD oils should always be accompanied with information about third-party tests; best practice is to avoid oils that do not supply these details. These fine-print details are often included with CBD oils to back up third-party testing claims.
General rule of thumb: What is your CBD oil budget? How much do you weigh? In which state do you currently reside? Do you have a job with drug testing requirements? Do you take prescription medication? Does the CBD oil you're considering list third-party testing and lab result details? Epidiolex was developed by the London-based GW Pharmaceuticals , which grows cannabis on tightly controlled farms in the UK. While parents treating their children with CBD had to proceed based on trial and error, like a folk medicine, they also had to wonder whether dispensary purchased CBD was professionally manufactured and contained what the package said it did.
GW brought a scientific understanding and pharmaceutical grade manufacturing to this promising compound. The company is also studying cannabinoid-based drugs as a treatment for autism spectrum disorders, an aggressive brain tumor called glioblastoma, and schizophrenia.
Other industries, not subject to the strict regulations governing pharmaceuticals are eager to develop their own CBD products, everything from joints and vape pens to skin creams and edibles which may or may not have valid medical use. Topics Cannabis High time: Drugs Medicine Health US healthcare features.
Order by newest oldest recommendations.
What is the Difference Between THC and CBD?
OTHER NAME(S). 2-[(1R,6R)Methylpropenylcyclohexenyl] pentylbenzene-1 ,3-diol, CBD. . Show More · Read Reviews (47). Cannabidiol—CBD—is a cannabis compound that has significant medical benefits, but does not make people feel “stoned” and can actually counteract the . Learn all about CBD oil a naturally occurring compound found in the resinous flower of cannabis, a plant with a rich history going back thousands of years.