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cancer cbd oil research and

tarantas22
29.06.2018

Content:

  • cancer cbd oil research and
  • Cannabis, Cannabinoids and Cancer – The Evidence So Far
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Cannabis oil for cancer treatments is provided by CBD International. Our treatment has helped thousands of cancer patients with their condition!. A collection of published research articles and other educational resources about cancer and CBD (cannabidiol). Cannabis has been used medicinally for millennia, but has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat any medical.

    cancer cbd oil research and

    Our doctors recommended it and gave my husband the medical marijuana card but we can also supplement as need be with recreational. My husband has a Stage 4 cancer of 'unknown primary' after 10 months of testing and appointments ….

    Since we are doing no other treatment, we are cautiously optimistic that the marijuana is contributing to the decline in cancer activity. Our doctors are on board. There is an interesting article you can Google from the National Institutes of Health about the effect of CBD and THC for a number of medical concerns……there isn't much research yet because of the legal status but it being used for pain, inflammation and can in some way 'bind' to cancer cells they believe and kill the cells without harming healthy cells.

    I am, as of tomorrow, 3 years cancer free from my breast cancer diagnosis and I too have started to use CBD only as a 'preventative'. I have noticed no ill effects. I use a small amount vaping before bed and it does relax me somewhat and I sleep well ha ha. The CBD doesn't create the brain effects of THC but it seems to relax me and reduce some of my old lady pains that might otherwise keep me awake.

    My husband has had no negative effects either……marijuana has been used for years and there don't seem to be long term effects for adults that are documented, so I figure……..

    CBD oil is great for lowering anxiety, helping with seizures, etc. You would have to look up the list on google. It is not a scam at all. I think that any claims that cannibis can cure cancer is a public perception and not a scientific one. Contrary to what most people believe, medical uses of cannabis have been widely studied. A review by the National Academy of Science looked at over 10, studies. They found evidence for some applications of cannabis, including managing chronic pain and spasms associated with multiple sclerosis.

    There was also good evidence that tetrahydrocannabinol THC , the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis, can reduce the nausea caused by chemotherapy. Indeed, a synthetic form of THC, called dronabinol, has been prescribed for just this use for decades. But, crucially, there is zero evidence that cannabis has any curative or even helpful impact on cancer, despite enthusiastic claims to the contrary.

    There are several articles and studies early stage and in progress on the National Institutes of Health website Search, National Institutes of Health — CBD and THC that outline research into the uses and possible effectiveness of the marijuana plant compounds for the use in cancer.

    It's a tough read very 'medical, ha ha but there seems to be some promise there. CBD oil is not another treatment option. It has not been shown to decrease cancer cells. What it is, is a useful agent in helping with relaxing, nausea, some pain.

    I believe that using the terms cures or treatments, remedy or antidote are words that should never be used when talking about THC or CBD oil.

    Too many people will believe it and it gives a false hope of surviving. Also some people can have adverse side effects that don't ever seem to be talked about. Colleen has mentioned that there is a great need for more scientific research.

    I agree, for sure. I also think than when adding a mind altering chemical when you are already taking others needs to be done in a very cautious way. I hope I was not misunderstood. However, the articles I referenced and the information we received from not one but three oncology groups in relation to my husband's cancer treatment were to use it if tolerable for him which it is as an adjunct to his medical care.

    Other uses have been confirmed as well now. The problem with CBD and THC is that with it's legal status little research has been possible and it frustrates some doctors because they see the early research and wish they had more concrete information.

    I am not a 'snake oil salesman' and I hope I have presented my thoughts carefully. I think it should be noted that so many conventional cancer treatments used today can have serious side effects and limited efficacy as well and alternatives such as CBD and THC shouldn't be pushed aside without consideration. I am 3 years cancer free 5 years from my initial diagnosis of breast cancer. I just now added it to my healthy lifestyle choices AND medical treatment, which included a bi lateral mastectomy.

    I am not suggesting that people look to a miracle drug for cure but instead evaluate all their options in treating their cancer because to be honest…………medical science is a practice and it's constantly evolving. I meant no harm or disrespect but ignoring alternative options is not wise either.

    Cindy- I mentioned all these things because I wanted to make the point, not because of anything that you wrote. I just spurred me to write! And I am sorry that I gave the wrong impression myself. I am so afraid of wrong terms and people believing what their minds want them too. Evaluating all options is key to getting the right treatments, but as you write, they often fail or have serious side effects and are not adequate and additional options need to be considered.

    You certainly did not show any disrespect, perhaps I should have asked questions instead of diving right in. Liked by Colleen Young, Connect Director , cindylb.

    Merry……perhaps I over reacted a bit myself and I apologize. My husband's cancer is unusual because they cannot determine a primary source and they told us he wouldn't be here for the holidays but we just returned from a doctor visit and he is actually so much better. We are thankful and grateful for that. We were offered radiation and it was taken off the table, we were offered surgery and it was taken off the table, we were offered chemo but since they don't know the cancer type it would be multiple chemo drugs and they felt he wouldn't be able to tolerate treatment.

    There are some very rare cases where cancer appears and then goes away very rare and this could be one of those cases or this may advance to something they can finally identify most likely or perhaps the one remaining option we have CBD and THC may hold it off or reverse it.

    Don't know and won't know until we continue on the journey. Cindy- We are good! One of the most difficult things with cancer, or any severe health problem is the feeling of being powerless.

    Your journey with your husband must be very frustrating to say the least. As humans we need to help ourselves heal and to just sit back is worse than most things, emotionally. Cancer cells proliferate rapidly in uncontrolled manner. Also, these cells escape death mechanism which a normal cell undergoes like apoptosis. Apoptosis is a kind of programmed cell death PCD mechanism which involves activation of caspase dependent and independent pathways [ 39 ].

    Cannabinoids have been proved to be anti-proliferative and apoptotic drugs. This section comprises of the detailed role of cannabinoids in modulation of tumor proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis in various cancer types. Breast cancer is one of the most common human malignancies and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women, and its incidence in the developing world is on the rise [ 40 - 41 ].

    It is mainly classified into three main subtypes according to their molecular profiles: Cannabinoid-based medicines have been useful for the treatment of these three breast cancer subtypes.

    But no correlation between CB1 expression and ErbB2 expression was found [ 44 ]. Cannabinoids modulate the growth of hormone sensitive breast cancer cells as shown in Fig. Endocannabinoids such as anandamide AEA are important lipid ligands regulating cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis.

    Breast tumor cells express FAAH abundantly. Cell cycle arrest is responsible for apoptotic cell death. This effect is occurred by inhibition of the cyclin-dependent kinase CDK2 [ 50 , 60 ]. Cannabinoids inhibit key signaling targets in triple negative breast cancer which has worse prognosis in patients. CBD enhances the interaction between beclin1 and Vps34; it inhibits the association between beclin1 and Bcl-2 [ 63 ]. Thus, cannabinoids along with COX-2 inhibitors or other chemotherapeutic agents may represent as novel chemopreventive tools for the treatment of breast cancer.

    Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy among men of all races and is one of the leading causes of cancer death in this population. JWH triggered a de novo synthesis of ceramide, which induced cell death, followed by JNK c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation and Akt inhibition [ 76 ].

    Interestingly, R -methanandamide was shown to have a mitogenic effect on LNCaP cells at very low doses [ 46 , 75 ]. A recent report showed that FAAH is also over-expressed in prostate cancer cells and the inhibition of FAAH can enhance the survival of cancer patient [ 80 - 81 ]. Lung cancer has one of the highest mortality rates among cancer-suffering patients.

    These results generate a rationale for further in vivo efficacy studies with this compound in preclinical cancer models. Melanoma is the mainly cause of skin cancer—related deaths worldwide.

    CB1 and CB2 receptors are expressed in normal skin and skin tumors of mice and humans [ 85 ]. C57 and HaCa4 and reduces malignant tumors in nude mice [ 85 ]. WIN, or JWH induced G1 cell cycle arrest on melanoma cells, via inhibition of p-Akt and hypophosphorylation of the pRb retinoblastoma protein tumor suppressor [ 85 ].

    Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive and devastating human malignancies. Cannabinoid receptors on pancreatic cancer cells may affect prognosis and pain status of PDAC patients [ 86 ]. Cannabinoid administration leads to apoptosis of pancreatic tumor cells via CB2 receptor and ceramide-dependent up-regulation of p8 and ATF-4 and TRB3 stress—related genes [ 87 ].

    Chondrosarcoma and osteosarcoma are the most frequent primary bone cancers [ 89 ]. Bone metastases are a frequent complication of cancer and the most frequent type of pain related to cancer. Breast cancer and prostate cancer mainly metastasize to bone which act as a fertile soil for the growth of secondary tumors [ 90 ]. The skeletal endocannabinoid system plays a significant role in regulating bone mass and bone turnover. The expression levels of CB1 and CB2 receptors were analyzed in bone cancer patient using immunohistochemistry [ 91 ].

    Bone metastatic patient has severe pain so cannabinoids can attenuate pain and hyperalgesia [ 92 ]. Sativex is the combination of deltatetra-hydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, used to treat pain in cancer [ 92 ]. Effects of subcutaneously administered WIN55, on weight bearing and mechanical hyperalgesia were consistent with cannabinoid receptor mediated anti-nociception [ 93 ].

    WIN55, also attenuates tumour-evoked mechanical hyperalgesia following local intraplantar administration through activation of CB1 and CB2 receptors [ 95 ]. Injection of CP55 produced anti-nociceptive properties in the tail flick test and suppressed mechanical hyperalgesia in NCTC or melanoma BF10 xenografted bone tumor model [ 96 ]. Indeed, intraplantar administration of AEA reduces mechanical hyperalgesia, URB increases AEA levels and decreases hyperalgesia in a model of calcaneous bone cancer pain [ 91 ].

    However, intrathecal administration of either URB or MGL URB inhibitors failed to produce anti-nociception when tested for spontaneous flinches, limb use and weight bearing [ 97 ].

    Moreover, the CB1 agonist arachidonoylchloroethylamide ACEA produces anti—nociceptive properties following intrathecal administration in this model; ACEA suppressed spontaneous flinches and increased limb use and weight bearing [ 97 ]. AM produces significantly reduced bone loss and decreased the incidence of cancer-induced bone fractures [ 94 , 98 ]. Administration of JWH and AM attenuated tumor-evoked tactile allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia by reducing NR2B-dependent activity [ 98 - 99 ].

    JWH increased survival without the major side effects of current therapeutic options. Gliomas are the most important group of malignant primary brain tumors and one of the most aggressive forms of cancer, exhibit high resistance to conventional chemotherapies. CB2 expression levels were higher in glioblastoma tissues in comparison to CB1. Selective CB2 agonists may become important targets for the treatment of glioma.

    Cannabinoids, inhibit tumor growth in animal models by inducing apoptosis of tumor cells and impairing tumor angiogenesis.

    The growth inhibitory effect of these cannabinoids is prevented by blocking ceramide synthesis, and the expression of the stress protein p8 [ - ].

    The activation of this pathway was necessary for the antitumor action of cannabinoids in vivo [ ]. Glioma cells develop resistance to cannabinoid treatment due to the upregulation of Amphiregulin EGFR family ligand and the growth factor midkine Mdk [ - ].

    Amphiregulin expression was associated with increased ERK activation and Mdk mediated its protective effect through ALK which interferes with autophagic cell death [ ]. The silencing of amphiregulin and Mdk or ALK pharmacological inhibition can overcome drug resistance of glioma to cannabinoids antitumoral action.

    Furthermore, to improve the efficacy of cannabinoids action, microencapsulation methods were used which facilitates a sustained release of the two cannabinoids for several days [ ]. In contrast, cannabinoids decreased cell viability as assessed by metabolic activity. The persistent expression of mammalian homolog of Atg8 with microtubule-associated protein-1 light chain-3 II LC3 II and p62, as well as the lack of protection from chloroquine, indicates that lysosomal degradation is not involved in this cytoplasmic vacuolation process, distinguishing from classical autophagy [ ].

    Paraptosis-like cell death-a third type of a programmed cell death occurred in response to cannabinoids [ ]. Oral cancer is mainly occurs in the mouth including lips, tongue and throat. Smoking, tobacco chewing and alcohol consumption increases the incidence of oral cancer. Radiation therapy and surgery is the common treatment for oral cancer. Marijuana smoking increases the incidence of head and neck cancer in young people but its constituent, cannabinoids have anti-tumor properties.

    Thyroid carcinoma is the most aggressive form which occurs in thyroid gland. IL gene transfer in to anaplastic thyroid carcinoma cell line ARO has anti-tumorigenic effect [ ]. This effect was observed due to the activation of cannabinoid receptor.

    Migration and invasion are characteristic features of cancer cells. Carcinoma cells that are invasive have higher migratory potential which helps them to disseminate into the surrounding tissues and spread to other organs, ultimately leading to metastasis [ ]. Angiogenesis, which involves growth of new vasculature has been shown to be closely related to cancer metastasis. Developing novel anti-invasive and anti-angiogenic targets would be more effective in inhibiting metastasis at earlier stage [ ].

    In lung cancer, CBD inhibits invasion of A cells both in vitro and in vivo that was accompanied by up-regulation of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 TIMP-1 and decreased expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 PAI-1 [ - ].

    In skin cancer, treatment of WIN, or JWH caused impairment of tumor vascularization and decreased expression of proangiogenic factors such as VEGF, placental growth factor, and angiopoietin-2 [ 85 ]. In glioma, [ ], one study reveals that CBD also inhibits angiogenesis by modulating MMP-2 pathway and Id-1 gene expression in glioblastoma cells [ - ]. CBD inhibits cell proliferation and invasion of 4T1 cells mammary metastatic cell line and reduces primary tumor volume as well as lung metastasis in 4T1-xenografted orthotopic model of nude mice [ - ].

    This anti-metastatic effect was mediated by downregulation of Id-1 a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor inhibitor , ERK and also by inhibiting the ROS pathway. Furthermore, CBD reduced the number of metastatic foci in 4T1- tail vein injected syngenic model.

    Cancer stem cells CSC are part of the tumor cell population. Though they might be very less in number, they have the ability to self renew and replicate to produce enormous cancer cell types. CSCs have been shown to be drug resistant with higher invasive and metastatic potential [ ]. Studies show that cannabinoid receptors are involved in differentiation of neural progenitors from ectoderm and hematopoietic progenitors from mesoderm.

    CB1 and CB2 receptor activation modulate proliferation and differentiation of daughter progenitors. It involved partial regulation by cannabinoid receptors leading to oxidative stress, necrosis coupled with apoptosis.

    These open further investigation on the function of cannabinoids and the link between stem cell and tumor progression. Increased ROS production has been associated with triggering of apoptosis [ ]. Id-1, an inhibitor of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors, has recently been shown to be a key regulator of the metastatic potential of breast and additional cancers [ - ]. The combination of cannabinoids and gemcitabine, a nucleoside analogue used in cancer chemotherapy, synergistically inhibit pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell growth by a ROS-mediated autophagy induction without affecting normal fibroblasts [ ].

    Cannabidiol CBD -induced endoplasmic reticulum stress mediated cell death of MDA-MB breast cancer cells, with the coexistence of autophagy and apoptosis [ 63 ]. In primary lymphocytes, treatment with CBD induced caspase 8 induced apoptosis which was mediated by oxidative stress. Similar result has been reported in glioma cells where CBD causes oxidative stress and higher enzymatic activities of glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase.

    KM induced mitochondrial depolarization, cleaved caspase 3, significant cytoskeletal contractions, and redistribution of the Golgi-endoplasmic reticulum structures in U87MG human GBM cells [ ]. Cancer is a type of inflammatory disease, where immune cells infiltrate into the tumor site and secrete factors which enhance the prospects of proliferation, angiogenesis and metastasis [ ]. Hence, it is important to identify anti-cancer agents that target the immune related cancer environment.

    In glioma, WIN, caused accumulation of ceramide which is essential for cell death and it also had anti-inflammatory effects [ ]. Cannabinoids exert a direct anti-proliferative effect on tumors of different origin. They have been shown to be anti-migratory and anti-invasive and inhibit MMPs which in turn degrade the extra-cellular matrix ECM , thus affecting metastasis of cancer to the distant organs. Also, cannabinoids modulate other major processes in our body like energy metabolism, inflammation, etc.

    These data are derived not only from cell culture systems but also from more complex and clinically relevant animal models. Before cannabinoids could be used in clinical trials, there is need to explore more knowledge on several issues such as anti-tumorigenic and anti-metastatic mechanisms as well as which type of cancer patient populations would be more responsive for cannabinoid based therapies.

    Data presented in this review suggest that cannabinoids derived from different sources regulate differently signaling pathways, modulate different tumor cell types and host physiological system. It is important to understand which of the cannabinoid receptors are expressed and activated in different tumors as each receptor follows a different signaling mechanism. Furthermore, endocannabinoids- AEA and 2-AG are broken down into secondary metabolites like prostaglandin PGE 2 and epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid EE which enhance tumor growth and metastasis in diverse cancer types.

    Understanding the exact signaling by which cannabinoids function will eventually lead to targeted clinical approach. Also, the difference in cellular response to cannabinoids in different cancer types might be due to the effect of the tumor environment which involves inflammatory cells, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, macrophages, etc.

    Thus, there is a need for an integrative understanding of the role of cannabinoids with respect to the tumor and its microenvironment.

    The diversity of affecting multiple signaling pathways might pave way for developing cannabinoids that selectively obstruct a particular pathway, thus opening avenues for specific targeted treatments. Moreover, cannabinoids are more specific to cancer cells than normal cells. The administration of single cannabinoids might produce limited relief compared to the administration of crude extract of plant containing multiple cannabinoids, terpenes and flavanoids.

    Thus, combination of cannabinoids with other chemotherapeutic drugs might provide a potent clinical outcome, reduce toxicity, increase specificity and overcome drug resistance complications. Additional findings in in vitro and in vivo models are needed to support studies at preclinical setting. The authors disclose no competing interests.

    National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Oncotarget v. Published online Jul Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Received May 19; Accepted Jul This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

    This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The pharmacological importance of cannabinoids has been in study for several years. Cannabinoid receptors, cannabinoid agonists, cancer, signaling. Cannabinoid and its receptor Cannabinoids can be classified into three groups based on their source of production; endogenous cannabinoids endocannabinoids , phytocannabinoids and synthetic cannabinoids Fig.

    Table I Cannabinoid's structure and its role in different physiological processes. Docosatetraenyl ethanolamide CB1 agonist neuromodulatory and immunomodulatory [ ]. Oleamide CB1 agonist neuromodulatory and immunomodulatory [ ].

    Open in a separate window. Cannabinoids and their classification This figure illustrates how cannabinoids are divided into three main categories according to their availability in nature.

    Endogenous cannabinoids Endogenous cannabinoids which are produced in our body include lipid molecules containing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, amides, esters and ethers that bind to CB1 or CB2 receptors. Phytocannabinoids Phytocannabinoids are only known to occur naturally in significant quantity in the cannabis plant, and are concentrated in a viscous resin that is produced in glandular structures known as trichomes.

    Synthetic cannabinoids Synthetic cannabinoids have been extensively used as a pharmacological agent, both in vitro and in vivo , to obtain more detailed insight of cannabinoid action, in order to evaluate their potential clinical use.

    Cannabinoid mediated signaling in cancer cells Cannabinoids activate CB1 or CB2 receptor which in turn modulates diverse signaling targets.

    Table II Role of cannabinoid in different cancers and its associated signaling. Cannabinoids Anti-cancer effect and its mechanism of action Anandamide 1 Breast cancer: Suppression of nerve growth factor Trk receptors and prolactin receptors Prostate cancer: Attenuates mechanical hyperalgesia HU 1 Prostate cancer: MMPs pathway 3 Skin cancer: Mitogenic at low doses 4 Glioma: Role of cannabinoids in regulation of cancer growth One of the important aspects of an effective anti-tumor drug is its ability to inhibit proliferation of cancer cells.

    Cannabinoids and breast cancer Breast cancer is one of the most common human malignancies and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women, and its incidence in the developing world is on the rise [ 40 - 41 ]. Cannabinoids and prostate cancer Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy among men of all races and is one of the leading causes of cancer death in this population. Cannabinoids and lung cancer Lung cancer has one of the highest mortality rates among cancer-suffering patients.

    Cannabinoids and skin cancer Melanoma is the mainly cause of skin cancer—related deaths worldwide. Cannabinoids and pancreatic cancer Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive and devastating human malignancies.

    Cannabinoids and bone cancer Chondrosarcoma and osteosarcoma are the most frequent primary bone cancers [ 89 ]. Cannabinoids and glioma Gliomas are the most important group of malignant primary brain tumors and one of the most aggressive forms of cancer, exhibit high resistance to conventional chemotherapies. Cannabinoids and oral cancer Oral cancer is mainly occurs in the mouth including lips, tongue and throat.

    Cannabinoids and head and neck cancer Marijuana smoking increases the incidence of head and neck cancer in young people but its constituent, cannabinoids have anti-tumor properties. Cannabinoids and thyroid carcinoma Thyroid carcinoma is the most aggressive form which occurs in thyroid gland. Role of cannabinoids in pro-metastatic mechanisms like angiogenesis, migration and invasion Migration and invasion are characteristic features of cancer cells.

    Role of cannabinoids in stemness and cancer Cancer stem cells CSC are part of the tumor cell population. Role of cannabinoids in immune environment and cancer Cancer is a type of inflammatory disease, where immune cells infiltrate into the tumor site and secrete factors which enhance the prospects of proliferation, angiogenesis and metastasis [ ].

    Footnotes The authors disclose no competing interests. Medical use of cannabis. Harvey Lecture, February 19, Bull N Y Acad Med. Cannabis use for chronic non-cancer pain: Cannabinoids for cancer treatment: Functionally selective cannabinoid receptor signalling: Structure of a cannabinoid receptor and functional expression of the cloned cDNA. Isolation and structure of a brain constituent that binds to the cannabinoid receptor.

    Distribution of cannabinoid receptors in the central and peripheral nervous system. Molecular characterization of a peripheral receptor for cannabinoids. Felder CC, Glass M. Cannabinoid receptors and their endogenous agonists. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol. The endocannabinoid system as an emerging target of pharmacotherapy. Towards the use of cannabinoids as antitumour agents.

    Cannabimimetic fatty acid derivatives in cancer and inflammation. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. Neurobiology Cannabinoids act backwards. Ruminska A, Dobrzyn A. Identification of an endogenous 2-monoglyceride, present in canine gut, that binds to cannabinoid receptors.

    Biochemistry of the endogenous ligands of cannabinoid receptors. Mast cells express a peripheral cannabinoid receptor with differential sensitivity to anandamide and palmitoylethanolamide.

    Occurrence and metabolism of anandamide and related acyl-ethanolamides in ovaries of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. Two new unsaturated fatty acid ethanolamides in brain that bind to the cannabinoid receptor. Effects of two endogenous fatty acid ethanolamides on mouse vasa deferentia.

    Chemical characterization of a family of brain lipids that induce sleep. Structural determinants of the partial agonist-inverse agonist properties of 6'-azidohex-2'-yne-delta8-tetrahydrocannabinol at cannabinoid receptors.

    Synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists inhibit tumor growth and metastasis of breast cancer. Crosstalk between chemokine receptor CXCR4 and cannabinoid receptor CB2 in modulating breast cancer growth and invasion.

    International Union of Pharmacology. Classification of cannabinoid receptors. Evidence for the presence of CB2-like cannabinoid receptors on peripheral nerve terminals.

    Inhibition of glioma growth in vivo by selective activation of the CB 2 cannabinoid receptor. Evaluation of binding in a transfected cell line expressing a peripheral cannabinoid receptor CB2: J Pharmacol Exp Ther.

    Binding of the non-classical cannabinoid CP 55,, and the diarylpyrazole AM to rodent brain cannabinoid receptors. SRA, a potent and selective antagonist of the brain cannabinoid receptor. SR , the first potent and selective antagonist of the CB2 cannabinoid receptor. Hanahan D, Weinberg RA. The hallmarks of cancer. Ocana A, Pandiella A. Identifying breast cancer druggable oncogenic alterations: Comparative study on the use of analytical software to identify the different stages of breast cancer using discrete temperature data.

    Baselga J, Swain SM. Cannabinoids reduce ErbB2-driven breast cancer progression through Akt inhibition. Suppression of nerve growth factor Trk receptors and prolactin receptors by endocannabinoids leads to inhibition of human breast and prostate cancer cell proliferation. Deltatetrahydrocannabinol enhances breast cancer growth and metastasis by suppression of the antitumor immune response. Plasma membrane and lysosomal localization of CB1 cannabinoid receptor are dependent on lipid rafts and regulated by anandamide in human breast cancer cells.

    The cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist rimonabant SR inhibits human breast cancer cell proliferation through a lipid raft-mediated mechanism. Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol inhibits cell cycle progression in human breast cancer cells through Cdc2 regulation.

    Cannabis, Cannabinoids and Cancer – The Evidence So Far

    No treatment since Feb n cancers growing rapid n pressing on kidney we threw caution to wind n started CBD oil a week ago. Now a bit frikky. Right now there isn't enough reliable evidence to prove that any form of cannabis can effectively treat cancer in patients. Whole or crude marijuana (including marijuana oil or hemp oil) is not of cannabinoids in treating cancer in humans and more studies are.

    INTRODUCTION



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