Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a chemical compound in marijuana with a variety of uses . Here are 7 benefits of CBD oil. As more and more states legalize the use of marijuana, a product known as CBD oil has surged in popularity. A chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. MONDAY, May 7, (HealthDay News) -- Cannabidiol (CBD) oil has become the hot new For the rest of CBD's potential uses, there is simply too little.
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Touted for a variety of health benefits, CBD is flooding the marketplace in the form of topicals, edibles, tinctures, and vape oils. For those seeking to promote restful sleep or relieve insomnia, consuming cannabidiol edibles or mixing tinctures into food or beverages is recommended. For more information on cannabinoids and sleep, check out the resources below. What is CBD Oil? Full spectrum or whole plant CBD.
This could include trace amounts 0. Some studies have shown that full spectrum CBD may be more efficient due to its synergistic reactions with the terpenes and minor phytocannabinoids present. CBD Benefits and Uses. After avoiding cannabinoids for fear of unwanted psychoactive effects, some scientists are becoming increasingly interested in the non-psychoactive CBD oil as a potential anti-cancer drug.
Recent research has found that CBD oil and cannabinoids can hinder the spread of cancer and induce the death of cancer cells. A growing body of evidence suggests CBD can help treat heart disease and strengthen the cardiovascular system by protecting against inflammation and other damage.
Irritable bowel syndrome IBS. Studies have named cannabidiol as an effective treatment for IBS because of its ability to control the neuroimmune system, a network of structures connecting the gut microbes, immune system, and central nervous system.
Researchers have discovered CBD could potentially be used as a topical therapy to treat glaucoma. CBD and other cannabinoids have been shown to protect neuron cultures from glutamate-induced death. In recent years, medical researchers have become increasingly interested in CBD as a treatment for seizures and epilepsy, particularly for children.
CBD contains anticonvulsant properties like other cannabinoids, in addition to the advantage of being non-psychoactive. Thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties , cannabidiol has been introduced to lotions and other skincare products to treat acne. CBD has been demonstrated to help ease pain and inflammation in a variety of chronic pain diseases, including arthritis and multiple sclerosis.
One of the most intriguing properties of cannabidiol is its ability to promote restful sleep. CBD has been used for centuries across many cultures as a sleep aid. Mounting evidence shows that cannabidiol may be able to help reduce anxiety symptoms. CBD may be a powerful treatment for a variety of forms of anxiety, including social anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Abnormalities in the endocannabinoid system have been linked to depression and suicide.
Research finds that CBD oil can help increase and stabilize the release of serotonin, a natural mood regulator. Studies find that the endocannabinoid system may be an ideal avenue for treating post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD. Scientific findings link the endocannabinoid system to the regulation of stress and other emotional behaviors. While many of the potential benefits of CBD oil have been observed in animals, a limited number of studies have been performed with humans.
There is also a lack of data regarding how CBD may affect children or long-term users after several decades. Although research shows CBD has a relatively low toxicity, not all potential interactions have been studied.
Lack of regulation means CBD products may vary widely in quality, labeling, purity, and reliability. Interactions with other pharmaceuticals. Studies suggest that CBD oil may interact adversely with certain drugs. CBD and other cannabinoids can inhibit the liver enzyme P, which metabolizes many medications. At certain doses, CBD could impact the metabolization of pharmaceuticals like anti-epileptics, steroids, and antihistamines. As with other cannabinoids , there have been no reported fatal overdose levels of CBD oil.
Each individual is different, however—for some, a 1: Chemotypes high in beta-caryophyllene, myrcene, and linalool provide additional pain relief and increase the effectiveness of other cannabinoids for analgesia.
For relief of immediate symptoms, as in a flare-up of pain, vaporizing or smoking work well. The medication effect is immediate and lasts one to three hours, whereas most ingested products take thirty to sixty minutes before taking effect faster on an empty stomach and last six to eight hours. Sublingual sprays or tinctures taken as liquid drops also take effect quickly and last longer than inhaled products.
When pain is localized, topical products can be applied. Topicals affect the cells near application and through several layers of tissue but do not cross the blood-brain barrier and are, therefore, not psychoactive.
The skin has the highest amount and concentration of CB2 receptors in the body. Considering all of the studies together, which number over forty for various types of pain , CBD and cannabis are shown to have a rating of likely probable efficacy.
It is one of the best-substantiated medical uses of cannabinoids. Sativex, a cannabis plant—derived oromucosal spray containing equal proportions of THC and CBD, has been approved in a number of countries for use to treat specific types of pain. Numerous randomized clinical trials have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of Sativex for treatment of central and peripheral neuropathic pain, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer pain.
A study showed that CBD and CBC stimulated descending pain-blocking pathways in the nervous system and caused analgesia by interacting with several target proteins involved in nociceptive control. Sleep Disorders Insomnia, Sleep Apnea Cannabis and sleep have a complex relationship that is only beginning to be understood by science. In general, for most people, indica strains are more relaxing and effective for sleep disorders, whereas sativa strains are more stimulating and tend to keep people awake.
Several studies conducted between and demonstrated the variable effect of different cannabinoids on sleep. Another study found CBD to be wake-inducing for most subjects, though some reported better sleep a few hours after taking it. However, a significant number of people find THC, even indica strains, will make the mind more active. For these people, CBD oil can benefit them and tends to work well, providing the relaxation and calm for the mental as well as the physical body.
For these people, CBD taken at nighttime as part of a bedtime regime produces a restful sleep, not the alertness produced in the daytime. This bidirectional effect of CBD is the result of balancing the endocannabinoid system.
In relation to sleep apnea, a animal study observed the ability of THC to restore respiratory stability by modulating serotonin signaling and reducing spontaneous sleep-disordered breathing. It is suggested that patients work with a health care practitioner experienced in recommending CBD or medicinal cannabis so that dosage and delivery methods can be developed and fine-tuned on an individual basis.
As mentioned previously, while CBD-dominant products help some people sleep, in others it promotes wakefulness. These tend to be high in myrcene and linalool, a terpene shared with lavender and known to be effective for relaxation. Cannabis combinations with ratios of 1: THC can be used when patients want to reduce psychoactivity.
Oral consumption is recommended as it usually lasts the whole night. The micro to standard dose is usually recommended to treat insomnia and sleep apnea. When relaxing indica strains are used with higher THC levels, a dose of 5—10 mg is usually sufficient.
Other people find they need larger doses, such as 15—40 mg. CBD taken as a tincture or edible will aid in a restful six to seven hours of sleep. This type of disorder varies widely from one patient to the next. Often, one needs to perform some experimental research and try strains of different CBD: For immediate medicinal effects, vaporizing or smoking work well. This can be helpful for either initial sleep onset or for wakefulness in the middle of a rest period but only lasts one to three hours.
The medication effect is immediate, whereas most ingested products take thirty to sixty minutes before taking effect faster on an empty stomach and last six to eight hours.
Vaporizers that use a cartridge filled with the CO2 concentrate are convenient and highly effective, and these are available in various ratios of CBD to THC.
Using this rubric, the use of cannabis-based products for treating insomnia has a rating of likely probable efficacy based on the four studies available at press time 3. A study with the pharmaceutical 1: THC spray showed good results in helping patients with chronic pain sleep better. Four patients in a case series treated with CBD in had prompt and substantial reduction in the frequency of RBD-related events without side effects.
The Dana Forum on Brain Science Trends in Pharmacological Science 36, no. Ashton and Paul F. Van Den Eeden, G. Van Bockstaele New York: Springer, , — Ameritox, , www. Radulovacki, and David W. Leonard Leinow has three decades of experience growing and studying medical cannabis and brings a unique spiritual perspective to his work.
In , he formed Synergy Wellness, a not-for-profit medical cannabis collective in California. Synergy Wellness has over 3, members in its collective and is an artisan organization making hand-crafted organic and natural whole plant-based products. They are specialists in CBD cannabidiol , the non-psychoactive portion of cannabis, and are pioneers in this aspect of the industry.
Leinow is known for his proprietary blends of tinctures and medicine used for cancer and epilepsy patients. They can provide information about safe CBD sources and local laws surrounding usage. This is one of more than 80 active chemicals in marijuana.
The new product was approved to treat seizures associated with two rare, severe forms of epilepsy in patients two years of age and older. Many small-scale studies have looked into the safety of CBD in adults. They concluded that adults tend to tolerate a wide range of doses well. Researchers have found no significant side effects on the central nervous system , the vital signs, or mood, even among people who used high dosages. The most common side effect was tiredness.
Also, some people reported diarrhea and changes in appetite or weight. Concerning the product that the FDA approved to treat two types of epilepsy, researchers noticed following adverse effects in clinical trials:.
The patient information leaflet notes that there is a risk of worsening depression or suicidal thoughts. It is important to monitor anyone who is using this drug for signs of mood change. Research suggests that a person taking the product is unlikely to form a dependency.
There is often a lack of evidence regarding the safety of new or alternative treatment options. Usually, researchers have not performed the full array of tests. Anyone who is considering using CBD should talk to a qualified healthcare practitioner beforehand. When drugs do not have FDA approval, it can be difficult to know whether a product contains a safe or effective level of CBD. Unapproved products may not have the properties or contents stated on the packaging.
It is important to note that researchers have linked marijuana use during pregnancy to impairments in the fetal development of neurons. Regular use among teens is associated with issues concerning memory, behavior, and intelligence. CBD-based products come in many forms. Some can be mixed into different foods or drinks or taken with a pipette or dropper.
Others are available in capsules or as a thick paste to be massaged into the skin. Some products are available as sprays to be administered under the tongue. Recommended dosages vary between individuals, and depend on factors such as body weight, the concentration of the product, and the health issue. Due to the lack of FDA regulation for most CBD products, seek advice from a medical professional before determining the best dosage.
As regulation in the U. After discussing dosages and risks with a doctor, and researching regional local laws, it is important to compare different brands of CBD oil. There is a selection of CBD products available for purchase online. CBD has been tested and approved for one specific use. Does this mean it is safe and will soon have approval for other uses?
The research is emerging to support the use of CBD for numerous conditions, as well as looking closely at safety, side effects, and long-term effects. There are some valid concerns about long-term use that must be tested before CBD can be recommended for other diseases.
As one approach to pain management, it is seen as an alternative option to the addicting narcotics. The use of CBD oil might complement a medical approach to treating physical and mental diseases. It is worth discussing with your doctor. We picked linked items based on the quality of products, and list the pros and cons of each to help you determine which will work best for you. We partner with some of the companies that sell these products, which means Healthline UK and our partners may receive a portion of revenues if you make a purchase using a link s above.
Article last updated by Yvette Brazier on Fri 27 July All references are available in the References tab. Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for anxiety disorders. Neurotherapeutics, 12 4 , — Long-term cannabidiol treatment prevents the development of social recognition memory deficits in Alzheimer's disease transgenic mice [Abstract]. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 42 4 , 1,—1, Pharmacology and potential therapeutic role in epilepsy and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Epilepsia, 55 6 , — An updated review of the research on the risks and harms associated to the use of marijuana.
Highlights of prescribing information: Early phase in the development of cannabidiol as a treatment for addiction: Opioid relapse takes initial center stage. Experimental cannabidiol treatment reduces early pancreatic inflammation in type 1 diabetes [Abstract].
Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, 64 4 , — Cannabidiol as potential anticancer drug. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 75 2 , — The legal status of cannabis marijuana and cannabidiol CBD under U.
Cannabidiol reduces cigarette consumption in tobacco smokers: Addictive Behaviors, 38 9 , 2,—2, Marijuana on the brain: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience, 15 1—2 , Cannabidiol exerts sebostatic and antiinflammatory effects on human sebocytes. The Journal of Clinical Investigation, 9 , 3,—3, Food and Drug Administration.
Everything you need to know about CBD oil
OTHER NAME(S). 2-[(1R,6R)Methylpropenylcyclohexenyl] pentylbenzene-1 ,3-diol, CBD. . Show More · Read Reviews (47). Cannabidiol comes from the cannabis plant, and has a wealth of health benefits. Hemp oil has so many benefits. Here is a list of the top 9 Hemp Oil benefits with ( Full Spectrum CBD): 1. pain, anxiety, and sleep 2. Supports.