We'll take a look at two compounds, CBD vs THC, and compare them on a number of different It's also available in oils, edibles, tinctures, capsules, and more. Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a chemical compound in marijuana with a variety of uses . Here are 7 benefits of CBD oil. As more and more states legalize the use of marijuana, a product known as CBD oil has surged in popularity. A chemical compound found in the cannabis plant.
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The high potency of the isolate cannot compete with the combined effects of the various cannabinoids contained in full spectrum CBD oil products. The legality of CBD is a complicated issue because although CBD oil is technically legal across all 50 states, there are some exceptions. This is where the hemp vs marijuana difference becomes important.
Because hemp contains no more than 0. Therefore, CBD products that are derived from industrial hemp are always legal, without exception. There may be concerns that even full-spectrum hemp CBD products are not as potent, but legally speaking, they are the most clear-cut option. For marijuana-derived CBD products, however, legality is more complicated.
Different states have different views on its legality. There is, therefore, a lot of confusion about the legality of full spectrum and CBD isolate derived from marijuana. The research, conducted on mice, demonstrated the greater anti-inflammatory effects of full spectrum CBD oil.
Higher doses of full spectrum CBD oil generated greater levels of relief, showing that the combination of the cannabinoids has a kind of entourage effect that makes it superior to CBD isolate. Increasing the dosage of CBD isolate could not increase the level of relief. The entourage effect highlights the way that the different cannabinoids contained in full spectrum CBD products work together to produce a higher level of efficiency for users.
CBD isolate can provide users with a wide range of health benefits, but full spectrum CBD oil offers a far greater range of benefits due to the different cannabinoids contained within the products.
An additional benefit of full spectrum CBD oil compared with CBD isolate is that the full spectrum variety contains extra compounds and minerals. These include a variety of fatty acids, beneficial fiber and terpenes. These extra compounds are beneficial for the body, improving general health in addition to the more specific benefits of full spectrum CBD oil.
Chronic pain and inflammation are two of the most common reasons that people turn to CBD oil for relief. People with autoimmune conditions and chronic illnesses find that full spectrum CBD oil is overall more effective in relieving the pain and inflammation that they struggle with.
Full spectrum CBD oil is the most effective alternative for people with chronic illnesses who are unable to access medical marijuana. The cannabinoids contained in full spectrum CBD oil can help manage nausea and vomiting.
More specifically, the trace amounts of THC contained in full spectrum CBD oil can be beneficial for people who have eating disorders. THC has been proved to stimulate the appetite and therefore aid the recovery of people with anorexia nervosa.
An increasing number of people are turning to CBD products to relieve chronic anxiety symptoms that can seriously affect their quality of life. The same benefits are not found in CBD isolate, as it is thought that it is the effect of THC in combination with other cannabinoids that improves symptoms in neurological disorders.
Whilst full spectrum CBD oil has a considerable range of benefits, for some people full spectrum CBD oil may not necessarily be the best option. The inclusion of the full range of cannabinoids means that there is a greater risk of side effects or other negative reactions.
Using pure CBD isolate reduces the risk of experiencing unwanted side effects, whilst still offering many although not all of the same benefits. One concern for people who use full spectrum CBD oil is with regard to drug testing. The micro to standard dose is usually recommended to treat depression.
Vaporized or smoked cannabis is recommended for relief of immediate symptoms, or a boost in dosage, and it can also be useful for sleep issues.
The Cannabis Health Index CHI is an evidence-based scoring system for cannabis in general, not just CBD effects and its effectiveness on various health issues based on currently available research data.
Using this rubric and based on twenty-one studies, cannabis rated in the possible-to-probable range of efficacy for treatment of depression. Research in called for clinical trials to look into the effectiveness of cannabinoids for bipolar disorder manic depression. It also works on the GABA-glutamate system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Its main role is restoring balance through inhibition when levels are too high and enhancement when they are too low. This is the most likely reason phytocannabinoids in general and CBD specifically are able to regulate depression and anxiety.
The scientific inquiry into cannabis over the past several decades has confirmed that it is an effective and safe analgesic for many kinds of pain. Of all the reasons that people use CBD today, pain is the most common.
The same can be said of cannabis in general. In the United States, over seventy million people suffer from chronic pain, which is defined as experiencing over one hundred days per year of pain. Physicians differentiate between neuropathic usually chronic and nociceptive pains usually time-limited , and cannabis works on most neuropathic and many nociceptive types of pain. A number of studies have demonstrated that the endocannabinoid system is both centrally and peripherally involved in the processing of pain signals.
Cannabinoids can be used along with opioid medications, and a number of studies have demonstrated that they can reduce the amount of opioids needed, lessen the buildup of tolerance, and reduce the severity of withdrawal.
It is suggested that patients work with a health care practitioner experienced in recommending CBD oil or medicinal cannabis so that dosage and delivery methods can be developed and fine-tuned on an individual basis. Oral CBD products with a ratio of Most discussions of treating pain with CBD suggest that finding the right dosage is critical. Always start with the micro dose to test sensitivity and go up as needed within the dosing range by body weight until symptoms subside.
If CBD-dominant products alone are not enough to treat a particular case, products with a higher ratio of THC are sometimes recommended to better manage pain. For day use, more stimulating, sativa varieties with higher concentrations of myrcene could be added to the formula. In general, for pain, and especially for evening and nighttime, indica strains are favored for their relaxing, sedative effect.
A person without experience with THC should use caution and titrate slowly up to higher doses. Research as well as patient feedback have indicated that, in general, a ratio of 4: THC is the most effective for both neuropathic and inflammatory pain. Each individual is different, however—for some, a 1: Chemotypes high in beta-caryophyllene, myrcene, and linalool provide additional pain relief and increase the effectiveness of other cannabinoids for analgesia.
For relief of immediate symptoms, as in a flare-up of pain, vaporizing or smoking work well. The medication effect is immediate and lasts one to three hours, whereas most ingested products take thirty to sixty minutes before taking effect faster on an empty stomach and last six to eight hours. Sublingual sprays or tinctures taken as liquid drops also take effect quickly and last longer than inhaled products.
When pain is localized, topical products can be applied. Topicals affect the cells near application and through several layers of tissue but do not cross the blood-brain barrier and are, therefore, not psychoactive. The skin has the highest amount and concentration of CB2 receptors in the body. Considering all of the studies together, which number over forty for various types of pain , CBD and cannabis are shown to have a rating of likely probable efficacy.
It is one of the best-substantiated medical uses of cannabinoids. Sativex, a cannabis plant—derived oromucosal spray containing equal proportions of THC and CBD, has been approved in a number of countries for use to treat specific types of pain.
Numerous randomized clinical trials have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of Sativex for treatment of central and peripheral neuropathic pain, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer pain.
A study showed that CBD and CBC stimulated descending pain-blocking pathways in the nervous system and caused analgesia by interacting with several target proteins involved in nociceptive control. Sleep Disorders Insomnia, Sleep Apnea Cannabis and sleep have a complex relationship that is only beginning to be understood by science. In general, for most people, indica strains are more relaxing and effective for sleep disorders, whereas sativa strains are more stimulating and tend to keep people awake.
Several studies conducted between and demonstrated the variable effect of different cannabinoids on sleep. Another study found CBD to be wake-inducing for most subjects, though some reported better sleep a few hours after taking it.
However, a significant number of people find THC, even indica strains, will make the mind more active. For these people, CBD oil can benefit them and tends to work well, providing the relaxation and calm for the mental as well as the physical body.
For these people, CBD taken at nighttime as part of a bedtime regime produces a restful sleep, not the alertness produced in the daytime. This bidirectional effect of CBD is the result of balancing the endocannabinoid system. In relation to sleep apnea, a animal study observed the ability of THC to restore respiratory stability by modulating serotonin signaling and reducing spontaneous sleep-disordered breathing.
It is suggested that patients work with a health care practitioner experienced in recommending CBD or medicinal cannabis so that dosage and delivery methods can be developed and fine-tuned on an individual basis.
As mentioned previously, while CBD-dominant products help some people sleep, in others it promotes wakefulness. These tend to be high in myrcene and linalool, a terpene shared with lavender and known to be effective for relaxation. Cannabis combinations with ratios of 1: THC can be used when patients want to reduce psychoactivity. Oral consumption is recommended as it usually lasts the whole night. The micro to standard dose is usually recommended to treat insomnia and sleep apnea.
When relaxing indica strains are used with higher THC levels, a dose of 5—10 mg is usually sufficient. Other people find they need larger doses, such as 15—40 mg. CBD taken as a tincture or edible will aid in a restful six to seven hours of sleep.
This type of disorder varies widely from one patient to the next. Often, one needs to perform some experimental research and try strains of different CBD: For immediate medicinal effects, vaporizing or smoking work well. This can be helpful for either initial sleep onset or for wakefulness in the middle of a rest period but only lasts one to three hours.
The medication effect is immediate, whereas most ingested products take thirty to sixty minutes before taking effect faster on an empty stomach and last six to eight hours. Vaporizers that use a cartridge filled with the CO2 concentrate are convenient and highly effective, and these are available in various ratios of CBD to THC. Using this rubric, the use of cannabis-based products for treating insomnia has a rating of likely probable efficacy based on the four studies available at press time 3.
A study with the pharmaceutical 1: THC spray showed good results in helping patients with chronic pain sleep better. Four patients in a case series treated with CBD in had prompt and substantial reduction in the frequency of RBD-related events without side effects. The Dana Forum on Brain Science Trends in Pharmacological Science 36, no. Ashton and Paul F. Van Den Eeden, G. Van Bockstaele New York: Springer, , — Ameritox, , www.
Radulovacki, and David W. Leonard Leinow has three decades of experience growing and studying medical cannabis and brings a unique spiritual perspective to his work. In , he formed Synergy Wellness, a not-for-profit medical cannabis collective in California. Synergy Wellness has over 3, members in its collective and is an artisan organization making hand-crafted organic and natural whole plant-based products. They are specialists in CBD cannabidiol , the non-psychoactive portion of cannabis, and are pioneers in this aspect of the industry.
Leinow is known for his proprietary blends of tinctures and medicine used for cancer and epilepsy patients. Juliana Birnbaum is trained as a cultural anthropologist and skilled in four languages and has lived and worked in the U. She was the first graduate of the Cornerstone Doula School, one of the most rigorous natural birth programs in the U.
Everything you need to know about CBD oil
Both THC & CBD interact with cannabinoid receptors, but the types of effects the side effects associated with THC, rendering useless any potential benefits. Learn more about Cannabidiol uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Cannabidiol. Cannabidiol is extracted from the flowers and buds of marijuana or hemp plants. For the rest of CBD's potential uses, there is simply too little about both the quality of CBD oil being produced and its potential side effects.