The 6 most common anxiety disorders are: generalised anxiety disorder, social phobia, specific phobias, OCD, PTSD and panic disorder. Generalized Anxiety Disorder, GAD, is an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic anxiety, exaggerated worry and tension, even when there is little or nothing. J Abnorm Child Psychol. Feb;32(1) Variations in anxiety and depression as a function of ADHD subtypes defined by DSM-IV: do subtype differences.
of Anxiety Variations
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Psychosocial Interventions and Psychotherapy. The Collected Works of D. It can help you to stay alert and focused, spur you to action, and motivate you to solve problems. Since anxiety disorders are a group of related conditions rather than a single disorder, they can look very different from person to person. One individual may suffer from intense anxiety attacks that strike without warning, while another gets panicky at the thought of mingling at a party.
Someone else may struggle with a disabling fear of driving, or uncontrollable, intrusive thoughts. Yet another may live in a constant state of tension, worrying about anything and everything.
But despite their different forms, all anxiety disorders illicit an intense fear or anxiety out of proportion to the situation at hand. Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health issues—and are highly treatable. In addition to the primary symptom of excessive and irrational fear and worry, other common emotional symptoms of an anxiety disorder include:.
But anxiety is more than just a feeling. Because of these physical symptoms, anxiety sufferers often mistake their disorder for a medical illness. They may visit many doctors and make numerous trips to the hospital before their anxiety disorder is finally recognized. Many people with anxiety disorders also suffer from depression at some point. Anxiety and depression are believed to stem from the same biological vulnerability, which may explain why they so often go hand-in-hand.
Anxiety attacks, also known as panic attacks , are episodes of intense panic or fear. Anxiety attacks usually occur suddenly and without warning. Anxiety attacks usually peak within 10 minutes, and they rarely last more than 30 minutes. The truth is that panic attacks are highly treatable. In fact, many people are panic free within just 5 to 8 treatment sessions.
People with GAD are chronic worrywarts who feel anxious nearly all of the time, though they may not even know why. Anxiety related to GAD often shows up as physical symptoms like insomnia, stomach upset, restlessness, and fatigue.
Panic disorder is characterized by repeated, unexpected panic attacks, as well as fear of experiencing another episode. A panic disorder may also be accompanied by agoraphobia, which is the fear of being in places where escape or help would be difficult in the event of a panic attack. If you have agoraphobia, you are likely to avoid public places such as shopping malls, or confined spaces such as an airplane. Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD is characterized by unwanted thoughts or behaviors that seem impossible to stop or control.
If you have OCD, you may be troubled by obsessions, such as a recurring worry that you forgot to turn off the oven or that you might hurt someone.
You may also suffer from uncontrollable compulsions, such as washing your hands over and over. A phobia is an unrealistic or exaggerated fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that in reality presents little to no danger.
Common phobias include fear of animals such as snakes and spiders , fear of flying, and fear of heights. In the case of a severe phobia, you might go to extreme lengths to avoid the thing you fear. Unfortunately, avoidance only strengthens the phobia. If you have a debilitating fear of being seen negatively by others and humiliated in public, you may have social anxiety disorder , also known as social phobia.
Social anxiety disorder can be thought of as extreme shyness. In severe cases, social situations are avoided altogether. Performance anxiety better known as stage fright is the most common type of social phobia. Post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD is an extreme anxiety disorder that can occur in the aftermath of a traumatic or life-threatening event.
PTSD can be thought of as a panic attack that rarely, if ever, lets up. Symptoms of PTSD include flashbacks or nightmares about what happened, hypervigilance, startling easily, withdrawing from others, and avoiding situations that remind you of the event. While separation anxiety is a normal stage of development, if anxieties intensify or are persistent enough to get in the way of school or other activities, your child may have separation anxiety disorder.
Children with separation anxiety disorder may become agitated at just the thought of being away from mom or dad and complain of sickness to avoid playing with friends or going to school. Not everyone who worries a lot has an anxiety disorder. You may be anxious because of an overly demanding schedule, lack of exercise or sleep, pressure at home or work, or even from too much caffeine.
These tips can help to lower anxiety and manage symptoms of an anxiety disorder:. Loneliness and isolation can trigger or worsen anxiety, while talking about your worries face to face can often make them seem less overwhelming.
Make it a point to regularly meet up with friends, join a self-help or support group, or share your worries and concerns with a trusted loved one.
Types of anxiety
Classifying different types of anxiety attacks can be difficult. “Anxiety attack” is not an official clinical term. You won't find it in the “Diagnostic and. Concerns have been raised about the ability of diagnostic criteria for attention- deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to distinguish subtypes that are clearly. PDF | Considerable cross-cultural variation exists in the prevalence and presentation of the anxiety disorders as defined by the fourth edition of the Diagnostic.